Caspian Horse Breed Profile
History Of The Caspian Horse
The Caspian horse originates from northern Iran is is believed to be one of the old breeds of horses. Ancient writings and artifacts show that a small horse existed as early as 3000 BC and these small horses are shown on the walls of ancient palaces, were used in royal ceremonies and presented as gifts to King Darius The Great.
The Caspian horse was thought to be extinct for nearly a thousand years until it was rediscovered in 1965 by an American born horse breeder living in Iran, Louise Firouz, who discovered a dark bay stallion in a town in northern Iran. Louise bought the Caspian stallion and undertook a search to find more Caspian horses and found only a handful over the coming years. From these Caspian horses Louise formed foundation herds, only to have them seized for food during wartime or confiscated by the Royal Horse Society. Despite these troubles and having to reform Caspian herds Louise Firouz managed to export to Europe 6 stallions and 17 mares between 1971 and 1976 and these horses were the foundation for the Caspian horse in Europe.
Further Caspian horses were exported from Iran in later years to introduce new blood.
Height Of The Caspian Horse
The Caspian horse ranges in height from 10 hh to 12.2 hh.
Colour Of The Caspian Horse
Caspian horses exist in all colours except piebald or skewbald.
Breed Characteristics Of The Caspian Horse
Despite its size the Caspian horse is a horse and not a pony. The Caspian horse has a short, fine head with wide forehead and large almond shaped eyes. The muzzle is small with large nostrils. It has a long neck, sloping shoulders and a slim body with deep girth. The coat is thin and fine, and the mane and tail fine and silky. The Caspian horse has a natural floating action.
Temperament Of The Caspian Horse
The Caspian horse is highly intelligent and willing.
Uses Of The Caspian Horse
The Caspian horse is used in Iran to pull carts and have been used in racing, but in Europe is used as a general children's riding horse and they are good jumpers. They are also used as a driving horse.